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Tropical Storm Sebastien (1995)

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Tropical Storm Sebastien was the twentieth cyclone of the active 1995 Atlantic hurricane season. Sebastien originated from a tropical wave that near the coast of Africa on October 13 and moved westward toward the Caribbean Sea. The wave increased in convection and became Tropical Depression Twenty on October 20, strengthening into a tropical storm within 12 hours of formation. Sebastien encountered a tropical low off of Puerto Rico and entered some southwesterly wind shear, which stopped strengthening at Template:Convert/mph on October 23. The now-depression Sebastien made landfall in Anguilla on the morning of October 24. Sebastien soon entered a low-level flow and encountered wind shear, becoming a remnant low on October 25 near the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico. While over that area, it produced moderate rain, but damage was minimal, and no deaths were reported.

Meteorological historyEdit

A tropical wave exited the west coast of Africa on October 13 and moved westward across the Atlantic. On October 20, shower activity increased, and it was declared a depression that day. Twelve hours after forming, the depression became Tropical Storm Sebastien.[1] It became better organized and developed good outflow.[2] Although wind shear was expected to limit intensification.[3] the storm instead intensified to a peak of 65 mph (100 km/h) late on October 22, based on a ship report.[1] Operationally, it was originally believed to be weaker.[4] At the time, most of the convection was sheared away from the center, and the storm was interacting with a low pressure area near Puerto Rico.[1] The storm was located to the northeast of the northern Leeward Islands, although it turned to the southwest along the low-level flow and into an area of increasing shear. On October 24, Sebastien weakened into a tropical depression, at which intensity it made landfall on Anguilla. The next day, the system dissipated near the U.S. Virgin Islands, although the remnants continued westward.[1]

Preparations and impactEdit

As Tropical Storm Sebastien turned towards the Caribbean Sea on October 23, the National Hurricane Center issued a tropical storm watch for the United States Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.[1] Other islands were on alert as the NHC stated that the watch area may need to be expanded.[5] Still recovering from Hurricane Marilyn less than a month ago, residents living in damaged homes reportedly evacuated their homes.[6] However, the watch was discontinued 24 hours later after the storm weakened to a tropical depression.[1] The remnants of Sebastien produced moderate rainfall across parts of Puerto Rico, peaking at Template:Convert/in in Quebradillas.[7] There was no damage in the Leeward Islands.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Rappaport (1996). "Preliminary Report of Tropical Storm Sebastien". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/1995sebastien.html. 
  2. Avila (1995). "Tropical Storm Sebstine Discussion 2". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/storm_wallets/atlantic/atl1995/sebastie/tropdisc/nal2095.002. 
  3. Pasch (1995). "Tropical Storm Sebastien Discussion 8". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/storm_wallets/atlantic/atl1995/sebastie/tropdisc/nal2095.008. 
  4. Pasch (1995). "Tropical Storm Sabstinen Discussion 12". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/storm_wallets/atlantic/atl1995/sebastie/tropdisc/nal2095.012. 
  5. Reuters (October 19, 1995). "Tropical Storm Sebastien Swirls Towards Caribbean". Daily News. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=qkkPAAAAIBAJ&sjid=HoYDAAAAIBAJ&pg=5173,2499905&dq=tropical+storm+sebastien&hl=en. Retrieved November 21, 2009. 
  6. Charlotte Amalie (October 24, 1995). "Another storm takes aim at islands". Eugene Register-Guard. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=S3MVAAAAIBAJ&sjid=G-sDAAAAIBAJ&pg=1209,5825377&dq=tropical+storm+sebastien&hl=en. Retrieved November 21, 2009. 
  7. David M. Roth (2006). "Remains of Sebastien - October 24–26, 1995". Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/sebastian1995.html. Retrieved November 21, 2009. 

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