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Hurricane Jova was a tropical cyclone that made landfall in Mexico as a strong Category 2 hurricane. Jova peaked at 125 mph on October 10. Due to an eyewall replacement cycle, Jova began weakening steadily shortly after its peak. 9 people died from this hurricane. It dissipated into a remnant low on October 13, 2011.
Meteorological historyDuring the evening hours of October 3, an area of showers and thunderstorms had moved off the Colombian coastline. Moving slowly towards the west, the area of disturbed weather began gaining more convection, and late the following day, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) began monitoring the disturbance, giving it a 20% chance of developing into a tropical cyclone over the next 48 hours. Over the course of the next day, the area of low pressure became better defined, and the convection associated with the low became more consolidated. Thus, the National Hurricane Center upgraded their chances of the low becoming a tropical cyclone to 50%, the Medium category. Under favorable conditions, the area of disturbed weather continued to quickly become organized, and late on October 5, the NHC began issuing advisories on Tropical Depression Ten-E, located 625 mi (1005 km) south of Manzanillo, Mexico. Embedded within a favorable environment for further strengthening, the depression slowly organized, and was upgraded to a tropical storm at 2100 UTC on October 6, while moving towards the northwest in response to a weakening Subtropical Ridge.
Moderate wind shear affected Jova throughout the day on October 7, when the low-level circulation was mainly located just to the north of the area of deep convection. However, the wind shear decreased early on October 8, and subsequently, Jova was upgraded to a Category 1 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale during the afternoon hours of October 8 as it drifted towards the east-northeast. Late on October 9, the storm was upgraded to a Category 2 hurricane with a distinct eye feature evident. Early the following morning, Jova began a round of rapid intensification and became a major hurricane, with maximum sustained winds of 125 miles per hour (205 km/h). Moving towards the east, the hurricane strengthened little for the remainder of the day.
Preparations and impact
Early in Jova's duration, the National Hurricane Center predicted that it would strike southwestern Mexico as a hurricane in its five day forecast. Beginning on October 8, the NHC advised residents in Mexico to monitor Jova's path. The next day, the Mexican government issued a hurricane watch from Punta San Telmo in southwestern Michoacán to Cabo Corrientes in Jalisco, with a tropical storm watch extending further south to Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacán. Six hours later, watches were upgraded to their respective intensity warnings. A day later, a tropical storm watch was issued north of the hurricane warning area to San Blas, Nayarit.